Divining on my last comment about the No Child Left Behind annual school reports, I learned this about their understanding of race.
Data Definitions Race/Ethnicity
African-American – A person having origins in any of the black racial groups in Africa.
Asian – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent or the Pacific Islands. This area includes, for example, China, India, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands and Samoa.
Hispanic – A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
Native American – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, and who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community attachment.
White – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.