In his tolerance edict of 362, Julian decreed the reopening of pagan
temples, the restitution of alienated temple properties, and called
back Christian bishops that were exiled by church edicts. The latter
was an instance of tolerance of different religious views, but may also
have been an attempt by Julian to widen a schism between different
Christian sects, further weakening the Christian movement as a whole. –Wikipedia Entry
In reading Bowerstock, Julian the Apostate, I came across this reference and googled it up. Bowerstock cites the actual edict but I haven’t been able to find the original text. Regardless, it is interesting to see the multiple intents here, and while his behavior as Emperor turned out to be anti-Christian during his 19 month reign, the idea of religious tolerance was not something I expected to see documented in the late 4th century C.E. I believe somewhere it is stated, or I’ve been told, that the declaration of religious freedom/tolerance by King Sigismund of Transylvannia was one of the first in Europe in the mid 16th century. Perhaps Sigismund (egged on by our Unitarian forefather Rev. Francis David, royal court religious leader), was more true to the idea.